Berkowitz, Héloïse and Souchaud, Antoine (2019) (Self-)regulation in the sharing economy: governing through partial meta-organizing. Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 159 (n° 4). pp. 961-976.

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Identification Number : 10.1007/s10551-019-04206-8


Can platforms close the governance gap in the sharing economy, and if so, how? Through an in-depth qualitative case study, we analyze the process by which new regulation and self-regulation emerge in one sector of the sharing economy, crowdfunding, through the actions of a meta-organization. We focus on the principal French sectoral meta-organization, Financement Participatif France (FPF-Crowdfunding France). We show that this multi-stakeholder meta-organization not only closed the governance gap through collective legal, ethical, and utilitarian work but also preceded and shaped the new market. We present a hybrid governance approach combining a) soft multi-agency regulation, b) self-regulation through a process of "partial meta-organizing", and c) direct civil society participation. We expand the literature by highlighting features of partial meta-organizing by sharing economy platforms and by identifying conditions for successful joint regulation and self-regulation of the sector.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: November 2019
Refereed: Yes
Place of Publication: Pays-Bas
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sharing economy, Crowdfunding, Self-regulation, Meta-organization, Partial organization, Governance
Subjects: C- GESTION
Divisions: TSM Research (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2021 16:12
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2021 14:20
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