Essays on the Econometrics of Program Evaluation: On the Reliability of Observational Methods Based on Unconfoundedness

Fliegner, Jasmin Claire (2019) Essays on the Econometrics of Program Evaluation: On the Reliability of Observational Methods Based on Unconfoundedness. Toulouse School of Economics (Toulouse).

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Official URL: http://www.theses.fr/2019TOU10015

Abstract

This dissertation makes a contribution to the econometrics of program evaluation and their applications. When it comes to the question to analyze the causal effect of a program or a binary treatment on a set of outcomes, several statistical tools have been developed to overcome the problem of selection bias. Once the research question can be put in the form of a thought experiment as suggested by Richard Feynman2, actual experiments seem the most straight forward way and a strong statistical tool to identify a causal effect. However, the plurality of queries in economics cannot always be addressed by such an experiment due to budget or moral- ity concerns or infeasibility. Therefore, it is advantageous to have reliable observational methods as well to tackle causal questions. My current research aims at understanding and improving the reliability of observational methods. In this dissertation I consider the meaning of the word reliability to be twofold. Two chapters of this dissertation focus on the assessment of the quality of observational estimation methods based on the un- confoundedness assumption. Therefore the term reliable refers to the methods’ ability to overcome the selection bias problem to identify the causal effect given that they mostly rely on stronger assumptions compared to experimental methods. However, having iden- tified the causal effect is of little value without the possibility to draw conclusions about the statistical significance of the resulting estimate. The last chapter of my thesis pro- vides an inference procedure for estimators based on the unconfoundedness assumption.

Item Type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Language: English
Date: 2 July 2019
Keywords (French): Économétrie -- Thèses et écrits académiques, Fiabilité -- Méthodes statistiques -- Thèses et écrits académiques
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE > B1- Généralités
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Ecole doctorale: Toulouse School of Economics (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2019 12:59
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2019 12:59
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/32828

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