Azam, Jean-Paul (2022) Hasty ethics can kill: how vilified pipelines helped to tame jihad in Sudan and Chad. TSE Working Paper, n. 22-1347, Toulouse.

[thumbnail of wp_tse_1347.pdf]
Download (181kB) | Preview


This paper shows how careful strategic thinking outperforms hasty ethical judgment to produce peace. It uses a provocation model to explain why the initial Muslim coalition against southern Christians broke up in Sudan and Chad thanks to much vilified pipelines. The need to cooperate was made obvious in Sudan when oil flew in a Chinese-built pipeline running through the Christian rebels’ homeland, tilting decisively the balance of power in the latter’s favor. Political Islam was discarded when the rebels proved their ability to disrupt the oil flow by blowing up the pipeline and Jihad was called off. The government of Sudan had switched from African socialism to Political Islam a couple of decades before, imposing the Sharia Law even on the Christians as a provocation to trigger a rebellion and to launch an ethnic-cleansing campaign in the oil-rich areas. The failure of the Western oil companies to build the pipeline and launch extraction, under the pressure of their national civil societies, gave time to the Khartoum government to spread death and devastation in the South. In Chad also, the initial Muslim coalition against the Christians broke up for sharing the oil money with the latter, but with a different timing.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: June 2022
Place of Publication: Toulouse.
JEL Classification: L71 - Mining, Extraction, and Refining - Hydrocarbon Fuels
N47 - Africa; Oceania
N57 - Africa; Oceania
P45 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole.
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2022 07:43
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2022 07:43
OAI Identifier:
View Item


Downloads per month over past year