Borsenberger, Claire, Cremer, Helmuth, Joram, Denis, Lozachmeur, Jean-Marie and Malavolti-Grimal, Estelle (2022) E-commerce and parcel delivery: environmental policy with green consumers. TSE Working Paper, n. 22-1318, Toulouse.

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We study how consumers’ environmental awareness (CEA) affects the design of environmental policy in the e-commerce sector. We also examine if there is a need for regulation requiring delivery operators to reveal their emissions. We consider a model with two retailers who sell a differentiated product and two parcel delivery operators. Delivery generates CO2 emissions and their total level creates a global (atmosphere) externality. We assume that it is more expensive for the delivery operator to use less polluting technologies. We consider different scenarios reflecting the type of competition and the vertical structure of the industry. We shown that CEA mitigates the inefficiency of the equilibrium by bringing the level of emissions closer to its optimal level. This is true under perfect and imperfect competition. This efficiency enhancing effect of CEA also affects the design of emissions taxes, which leads to an amended Pigouvian rule. Under perfect competition the tax is reduced by exactly the level of CEA expressed in monetary terms. Under imperfect competition the adjustment exceeds this level.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: March 2022
Place of Publication: Toulouse.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Consumers' environmental awareness, Pigouvian rule, emission taxes, e-commerce, parcel delivery operators, vertical integration
JEL Classification: H21 - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
L42 - Vertical Restraints; Resale Price Maintenance; Quantity Discounts
L81 - Retail and Wholesale Trade; Warehousing; e-Commerce
L87 - Postal and Delivery Services
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2022 13:01
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2022 11:45
OAI Identifier:
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