González, Felipe, Martinez, Luis R., Muñoz, Pablo and Prem, Mounu (2022) Does higher education reduce mortality? Evidence from a natural experiment. IAST working paper, n. 22-134, Toulouse.

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Official URL : http://iast.fr/pub/126684


We provide new evidence on the causal eect of education on health. Our empirical strategy
exploits the reduction in access to college experienced by individuals reaching college age
shortly after the 1973 military coup in Chile, which led to a sharp downward kink in enrollment
for the aected cohorts. Using data from the vital statistics for the period 1994-2017, we
document an upward kink in the age-adjusted yearly mortality rate for these cohorts, a pattern
that we also observe in matched individual-level records for hospitalized patients. Leveraging
the downward kink in college enrollment, we estimate a negative eect of college on mortality,
which is larger for men, but also sizable for women. Aected individuals have worse labor
market outcomes, lower income, and are more likely to be enrolled in the public health system.
They also report lower consumption of health services, which suggests that economic disadvantage
and limited access to care plausibly contribute to the eect of education on health.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: February 2022
Place of Publication: Toulouse.
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole.
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 14:23
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2023 13:33
OAI Identifier: oai:tse-fr.eu:126684
URI: https://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/44639
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