Auriol, Emmanuelle, Friebel, Guido, Weinberger, Alisa and Wilhelm, Sascha (2022) Women in economics: Europe and the world. TSE Working Paper, n. 22-1288, Toulouse

There is a more recent version of this item available.
[thumbnail of wp_tse_1288.pdf]
Download (1MB) | Preview


Based on a data set that we collected from the top research institutions in economics around the globe (including universities, business schools and other or- ganizations such as central banks), we document the underrepresentation of women in economics. For the 238 universities and business schools in the sample, women hold 25% of senior level positions (full professor, associate professor) and 37% of junior level positions. In the 82 U.S. universities and business schools, the figures are 20% on the senior level and 32% on the entry level, while in the 122 European institutions, the numbers are 27% and 38%, respectively, with some heterogeneity across countries. The numbers also show that the highest-ranking institutions (in terms of research output) have fewer women in senior positions. Moreover, in the U.S., this effect is even present on the junior level. The “leaky pipeline” may hence begin earlier than oftentimes assumed, and is even more of an issue in the highly integrated market of the U.S. In Europe, an institution ranked 100 places higher has three percentage points fewer women in senior positions, but in the U.S. it is almost five percentage points.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: January 2022
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: gender equality, academic hierarchies, leaky pipeline
JEL Classification: A11 - Role of Economics; Role of Economists; Market for Economists
J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2022 13:13
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2022 12:20
OAI Identifier:

Available Versions of this Item

View Item


Downloads per month over past year