Ivaldi, Marc, Petrova, Milena J and Urdanoz, Miguel (2021) Airline cooperation effects on airfare distribution: an auction-model-based approach. TSE Working Paper, n. 21-1259, Toulouse

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Airline alliances have a long history yet there is no academic consensus on how they affect price levels and their impact on price dispersion has not yet been studied. We address this question using a novel methodology motivated by the service homogenization and increased price competiton in this industry in the recent years. Establishing an equivalence between the online sales process and a reverse English auction, we use methods from auction econometrics to work in a new way with the standard industry data set: using individual ticket sales where only aggregated prices have been used in the past. Applicable to other industries where sellers compete in prices, this approach allows us to reconsider the effect of airline alliances on the distribution of airfares in the US domestic market. We find lower price mean and dispersion in markets where airlines belong to an alliance as a result of the lower variability of costs. The methodology we apply here can be used to study any distribution of individualized prices, which are now prevalent since the advent of the digital economy.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: November 2021
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: Airline,, cooperation, auction, price dispersion, price distribution.
JEL Classification: D44 - Auctions
L11 - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
L93 - Air Transportation
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2021 09:13
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2022 10:47
OAI Identifier: oai:tse-fr.eu:126157
URI: https://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/43985
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