De Groote, Olivier and Declercq, Koen (2021) Tracking and specialization of high schools: heterogeneous effects of school choice. Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol. 36 (n° 7). pp. 898-916.

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Identification Number : 10.1002/jae.2856


We analyze the impact of choosing an elite school on high school graduation in an early tracking system in Flanders (Belgium). Whereas elite schools offer only an academic track, most other schools offer multiple tracks. On average, students experience a 3.3 percentage point increase in the likelihood of obtaining a degree. We find that the effects are heterogeneous. On average, students who self-select into elite schools do not experience an effect. However, students who do not choose an elite school would experience positive effects. Our results can be explained by different tracking decisions in both types of schools.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: November 2021
Refereed: Yes
Place of Publication: Chichester ; New York
Uncontrolled Keywords: elite schools, early tracking, marginal treatment effects
JEL Classification: C31 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
I28 - Government Policy
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2022 14:57
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 11:45
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