Thomas, Alban (2021) Of Particles Molecules: Application of Particle Filtering to Irrigated Agriculture in Punjab, India. In: Advances in Contemporary Statistics and Econometrics: Festschrift in Honor of Christine Thomas-Agnan Daouia, Abdelaati and Ruiz-Gazen, Anne (eds.) Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-030-73248-6

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Identification Number : 10.1007/978-3-030-73249-3_35


We present an estimation method for agricultural crop yield functions, when unobserved productivity depends on water availability that is only partially observed. Using the setting of Bayesian non-linear filtering for estimating Hidden Markov Models, we discuss joint estimation of state variables and parameters in a structural production model with potentially endogenous regressors. An extension to particle filtering with resampling, convolution filter based on kernel regularization, is then discussed. We apply this non-parametric method to estimate a system of structural equations for rice crop yield and unobserved productivity on panel data for 10 districts in Punjab, India. Results based on computer-intensive resampling steps illustrate the interest of convolution particle filtering techniques, with low interquartile range of time-varying estimates. We compare fertilizer elasticity estimates with and without accounting for unobserved productivity, and we find a significant relationship between unobserved productivity and nitrogen fertilizer input, when the former is conditioned on district-level climate variables (summer rainfall, potential evapotranspiration).

Item Type: Book Section
Language: English
Date: June 2021
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2021 08:20
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2021 08:50
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