Le Breton, Michel, Castañeda Dower, Paul, gokmen, Gunes and Weber, Shlomo (2021) Did the Cold War Produce Development Clusters in Africa? TSE Working Paper, n. 21-1228, Toulouse

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This paper examines the lasting impact of the alignment of African countries during the Cold War on their modern economic development. We find that the division of the continent into two blocs (East/West) led to two clusters of development outcomes that reflect the Cold War’s ideological divide. To determine alignment, we introduce a non-cooperative game of social interactions where each country chooses one of the two existing blocs based on its predetermined bilateral similarities with other members of the bloc. We show the existence of a strong Nash equilibrium in our game and apply the celebrated MaxCut method to identify such a partition. The alignment predicts UN General Assembly voting patterns during the Cold War but not after. Our approach, linking global political interdependence to distinct development paths in Africa, relies on history to extract a micro-founded treatment assignment, while allowing for an endogenous, process-oriented view of historical events.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: June 2021
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cold War, Political Alliances, Africa, Blocs, Development Clusters, Strong Nash Equilibrium, Landscape Theory
JEL Classification: C62 - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
C72 - Noncooperative Games
F54 - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
F55 - International Institutional Arrangements
N47 - Africa; Oceania
O19 - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
O57 - Comparative Studies of Countries
Y10 - Dat - Tables and Charts
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2021 08:16
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2022 11:43
OAI Identifier: oai:tse-fr.eu:125756
URI: https://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/43635
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