Luong, Tuan Anh and Nguyen, Manh-Hung (2020) COVID-19, lockdown and labor uncertainty. TSE Working Paper, n. 20-1137, Toulouse

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In this paper, we investigate the impact of containment and closure poli-
cies amid the COVID-19 pandemic on the labor market. We show that these
effects depend on the presence of labor uncertainty. In the absence of labor
uncertainty, the containment and closure policy resulted in people applying
fewer self-protection measures, facing lower income and saving more. We
predict that workers will lose their job as a consequence of this policy if
and only if the containment elasticity of labor demand is sufficiently large.
By contrast, when labor uncertainty is introduced, our model predicts more
self-protection, more job loss and fewer savings as a result of a lockdown.
In addition, income loss occurs if and only if the elasticity of labor demand
is large enough. We test our predictions by employing new survey data
collected on representative samples across 6 countries: China, Japan, South
Korea, Italy, the UK, and the U.S. The survey collected information from
households about their work and living situations and their income and
socio-demographic characteristics. We find that young, low-income workers
and urban dwellers are more vulnerable to containment and closure policies
as they are more likely to lose their jobs and income. More importantly, our
data provides supporting evidence to all of the predictions of our model.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: August 2020
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lockdown, labor uncertainty, job loss, self-protection measures, savings
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2020 09:25
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2021 13:38
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