de Mouzon, Olivier, Laurent, Thibault and Le Breton, Michel (2020) One Man, One Vote Part 2: Measurement of Malapportionment and Disproportionality and the Lorenz Curve. TSE Working Paper, n. 20-1089, Toulouse

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The main objective of this paper is to explore and estimate the departure from the
“One Man, One Vote” principle in the context of political representation and its consequences for distributive politics. To proceed to the measurement of the inequalities in the representation of territories (geographical under/over representation) or opinions/parties (ideological under/over representation), we import (with some important qualifications and adjustments) the Lorenz curve which is an important tool in the economics of income distribution. We consider subsequently some malapportionment and disproportionality indices. It is applied to the 2010 Electoral College and the French parliamentary and local elections with a special attention to the electoral reform of 2015. In these applications, the Lorenz curve ordering is almost conclusive and consequently the Gini and DK indices
are aligned and complement the almost complete ranking derived from Lorenz.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: April 2020
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apportionment, Disproportionality, Electoral Justice, Lorenz Curve
JEL Classification: D71 - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
D72 - Economic Models of Political Processes - Rent-Seeking, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2020 08:50
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2022 09:59
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