Azam, Jean-Paul and Ferrero, Mario (2019) Jihad against Palestinians?: The Herostratos syndrome and the paradox of targeting European Jews. Defence and Peace Economics, vol. 30 (n° 6). pp. 687-705.

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Identification Number : 10.1080/10242694.2017.1420331


This paper addresses the waves of mass killings recently perpetrated by individuals with a weak or nonexistent ideological motivation, whose acts either appear to contradict their purported political cause or are admittedly driven by a quest for notoriety. Examples range from killers who have been waging jihad against European Jews to unattached mass killers such as the Germanwings pilot to the perpetrators of mass school shootings in America and worldwide. We argue that these phenomena can be understood as instances of the Herostratos syndrome, which has been known for thousands of years as characterizing the behavior of people who seek to survive in the collective memory by excelling in their infamous acts. We provide a model of hybrid killers which accommodates the Herostratic motive alongside a political motive and characterize a well-behaved Nash equilibrium where Herostratic killers are competing with one another with a view to make a name for themselves in infamy. The policy implications point toward reducing the publicity the killers enjoy, thus frustrating their quest for notoriety.

Item Type: Article
Sub-title: The Herostratos syndrome and the paradox of targeting European Jews
Language: English
Date: 2019
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: terrorism, Herostratos, cult, competition for infamy, jihad, school shootings
JEL Classification: C72 - Noncooperative Games
D74 - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2018 14:21
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2021 13:37
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