Azam, Jean-Paul (2014) The Birth of a Democracy: Homegrown Bicameralism in Somaliland. Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, vol. 20 (n° 2). pp. 245-266.

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Somaliland has recently developed an unexpected democracy after seceding from chaos-ridden Somalia, while turning its port of Berbera into a success story, competing successfully with the long established ones in the Horn of Africa. A simple game-theoretic model is used to explain why the home-grown bicameral democratic system that emerged in Somaliland is a key factor in controlling violence and providing the required security along the transport infrastructure linking Berbera to neighboring landlocked Ethiopia. The model shows that redistributing some of the fiscal resources levied on this trade is necessary for sustaining this efficient political equilibrium.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: April 2014
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peace, democracy, Somaliland
JEL Classification: N77 - Africa; Oceania
O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements - Legal, Social, Economic, and Political
O55 - Africa
P48 - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 17:43
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2024 09:14
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