Judicial Compliance in District Courts

Chen, Daniel L., Frankenreiter, Jens and Yeh, Susan (2016) Judicial Compliance in District Courts. TSE Working Paper, n. 16-715

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/31114

Abstract

Public enforcement of law relies on the use of public agents, such as judges, to follow the law. Are judges motivated only by strategic interests and ideology, as many models posit, rather than a duty to follow the law? We use the random assignment of U.S. Federal judges setting geographically-local precedent to document the causal impact of court decisions in a hierarchical legal system. We examine lower court cases filed before and resolved after higher court decisions and find that lower courts are 29-37% points more likely to rule in the manner of the higher court. The results obtain when the higher court case was decided in the same doctrinal area as the pending case and when the higher court case was decided on the merits. Reversals by the higher court have no significant effects. These results provide clean evidence that judges are motivated to follow the law and are not solely motivated by policy preferences.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: October 2016
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Universite Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2016 07:57
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 13:24
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:31114
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/22450

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