Sale of visas : a smuggler's final song?

Auriol, Emmanuelle and Mesnard, Alice (2016) Sale of visas : a smuggler's final song? Economica, 83 (332). pp. 646-678.

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Is there a way of eliminating human smuggling? We set up a model to simultaneously determine the provision of human smuggling services and the demand from would-be migrants. A visa-selling policy may be successful at eliminating smugglers by eroding their profits but it also increases immigration. In contrast, repression decreases migration but fuels cartelized smugglers. To overcome this trade-off we show that legalisation through selling visas in combination with repression can be used to weaken human smuggling while controlling migration flows. Our results highlight the complementarities between repression and selling visas and call into question current policies.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: October 2016
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: migration, human smuggling, market structure, legalisation
JEL Classification: F22 - International Migration
I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
L51 - Economics of Regulation
O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 31 May 2016 13:02
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2019 23:03
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