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October 22 - 28, 2018

Water hauling and girls’ school attendance: some new evidence from Ghana

Nauges, Céline (2017) Water hauling and girls’ school attendance: some new evidence from Ghana. Environmental and Resource Economics, 66 (n°1). pp. 65-88.

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/29958

Abstract

In large parts of the world, a lack of home tap water burdens households as the water must be brought to the house from outside, at great expense in terms of effort and time. We here study how such costs affect girls’ schooling in Ghana, with an analysis based on four rounds of the Demographic and Health Surveys. We address potential endogeneity issues by building an artificial panel of clusters using GPS coordinates. Our results indicate a significant negative relation between girls’ school attendance and water hauling activity, as a halving of water fetching times increases girls’ school attendance by about 7 percentage points on average, with stronger impacts in rural communities. Our results seem to be the first definitive documentation of such a relationship in Sub-Saharan Africa. They document some of the multiple and wide population benefits of increased tap water access, that are likely to be relevant in many African countries, and elsewhere.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: January 2017
Refereed: Yes
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 14:23
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2018 10:03
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:29958
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/19153

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