Innovation, Reallocation and Growth

Acemoglu, Daron, Bloom, Nicholas and Kerr, William R. (2012) Innovation, Reallocation and Growth.

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/29254

Abstract

We build a model of firm-level innovation, productivity growth and reallocation featuringendogenous entry and exit. A key feature is the selection between high- and low-type firms,
which differ in terms of their innovative capacity. We estimate the parameters of the model using
detailed US Census micro data on firm-level output, R&D and patenting. The model provides
a good fit to the dynamics of firm entry and exit, output and R&D, and its implied elasticities
are in the ballpark of a range of micro estimates. We find industrial policy subsidizing either
the R&D or the continued operation of incumbents reduces growth and welfare. For example,
a subsidy to incumbent R&D equivalent to 5% of GDP reduces welfare by about 1.5% because
it deters entry of new high-type firms. On the contrary, substantial improvements (of the order
of 5% improvement in welfare) are possible if the continued operation of incumbents is taxed
while at the same time R&D by incumbents and new entrants is subsidized. This is because
of a strong selection effect: R&D resources (skilled labor) are inefficiently used by low-type
incumbent firms. Subsidies to incumbents encourage the survival and expansion of these firms
at the expense of potential high-type entrants. We show that optimal policy encourages the exit
of low-type firms and supports R&D by high-type incumbents and entry.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: July 2012
Uncontrolled Keywords: entry, growth, industrial policy, innovation, R&D, reallocation, selection
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2015 13:09
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 13:23
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:29254
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/16879

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