Education and Migration Choices in Hierarchical Societies: The Case of Matam, Senegal

Auriol, Emmanuelle and Demonsant, Jean-Luc (2012) Education and Migration Choices in Hierarchical Societies: The Case of Matam, Senegal. Regional Science and Urban Economics, vol. 42 (n° 5). pp. 875-889.

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This paper examines determinants of schooling in traditional hierarchical societies with an established history
of outmigration. In the village, a ruling caste controls local political and religious institutions. For children who
do not belong to the ruling caste, migration is a strategy to increase social mobility, a process that is enhanced
by formal schooling. Since formally educated migrants tend not to return to the home community, the ruling
caste seeks to develop family loyalty by choosing religious education instead. The theory hence predicts that
the social status of the family has a significant impact on the parental educational choices of future migrant
children. Children from the ruling caste who are encouraged by their parents to migrate have a lower probability
of being sent to formal school than children from the low caste. The theoretical predictions are tested on
data from the Matam region in Senegal, a region where roughly one of every two children has ever attended

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: September 2012
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Schooling, Migration, Social Status, Haalpulaar
JEL Classification: I21 - Analysis of Education
O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements - Legal, Social, Economic, and Political
Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 17:25
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2019 23:01
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