Rural Roads versus African Famines

Calmette, Marie-Françoise and Kilkenny, Maureen (2012) Rural Roads versus African Famines. Annals of Regional Science, 49 (2). pp. 373-396.

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This paper formalizes and demonstrates how transport infrastructure between rural areas helps Third World countries deal with crop failures. In developed economies where transport costs are negligible, a crop failure in one area enhances market opportunities for producers in other growing regions. In developing countries where transport costs can be prohibitive, a crop failure in one area can have the reverse effects on other growing regions—undermining market opportunities—especially where crops must be transported through a central market to which food aid is delivered. We analyze the impacts of crop failures and food aid in a Walrasian general equilibrium model of a small, open, three-region economy, stylized to mimic African countries with prohibitively high costs of transport between rural regions.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: 2012
Refereed: Yes
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 17:21
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 13:22

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