Intergenerational transmission of non-communicable chronic diseases

Goulão, Catarina and Pérez-Barahona, Agustín (2011) Intergenerational transmission of non-communicable chronic diseases. TSE Working Paper, n. 11-219

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/24012

Abstract

We introduce a theoretical framework that contributes to the understanding of the non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) epidemics: even if NCDs are not "biologically" communicable, they may spread due to the transmission of unhealthy activities such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and smoking. In particular, we study the intergenerational dimension of this mechanism. We found that, due to the "social" transmission of NCDs, agents choose lower health conditions and higher unhealthy activities than what is socially optimal. Taxes on unhealthy activities, that may subsidize health investments, can be used to restore
the social optimum. Finally, we also observe that our model is consistent with the existence of regional asymmetries regarding the prevalence of obesity and NCDs.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: 14 January 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health capital, Chronic diseases and obesity, Social transmission
JEL codes: H21 - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
H23 - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 06:03
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 13:22
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:24012
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/3492

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