Do unemployed workers benefit from enterprise zones? The French experience

Gobillon, Laurent, Magnac, Thierry and Selod, Harris (2010) Do unemployed workers benefit from enterprise zones? The French experience. TSE Working Paper, n. 10-201, Toulouse

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/23525

Abstract

This paper is a statistical evaluation of the 1997 enterprise zone program in France. We
investigate whether the program increased the pace at which unemployed workers residing in targeted municipalities and surrounding areas find employment. The work relies on a two-
stage analysis of unemployment spells drawn from an exhaustive dataset over the 1993-2003 period in the Paris region. We first estimate a duration model stratified by municipalities in order to recover semester-specific municipality effects net of individual observed heterogeneity. These effects are estimated both before and after the implementation of the program, allowing us to construct variants of difference-in-difference estimators of the impact of the program at the municipality level. Following extensive robustness checks, we conclude that enterprise zones have a very small but significant effect on the rate at which unemployed workers find a job. The effect remains localized and is shown to be significant only in the short run.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: 25 October 2010
Place of Publication: Toulouse
JEL codes: C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
C41 - Duration Analysis
H25 - Business Taxes and Subsidies
J64 - Unemployment - Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 06:03
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 13:22
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:23525
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/3482

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