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Conducting Benefit-Cost Analysis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Introduction to the Special Issue

  • Lisa A. Robinson (a1), James K. Hammitt (a2) (a3), Dean T. Jamison (a4) and Damian G. Walker (a5)

Abstract

Investing in global health and development requires making difficult choices about what policies to pursue and what level of resources to devote to different initiatives. Methods of economic evaluation are well established and widely used to quantify and compare the impacts of alternative investments. However, if not well conducted and clearly reported, these evaluations can lead to erroneous conclusions. Differences in analytic methods and assumptions can obscure important differences in impacts. To increase the comparability of these evaluations, improve their quality, and expand their use, this special issue includes a series of papers developed to support reference case guidance for benefit-cost analysis. In this introductory article, we discuss the background and context for this work, summarize the process we are following, describe the overall framework, and introduce the articles that follow.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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References

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Claxton, Karl, Asaria, Miqdad, Chansa, Collins, Jamison, Julian, Lomas, James, Ochalek, Jessica, and Paulden, Michael. 2019. “Accounting for Timing when Assessing Health-Related Policies.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2018.29.
Cropper, Maureen, Guttikunda, Sarath, Jawahar, Puja, Lazri, Zachary, Malik, Kabir, Song, Xiao-Peng, and Yao, Xinlu. 2019. “Applying Benefit-Cost Analysis to Air Pollution Control in the Indian Power Sector.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2018.27.
Drummond, Michael F., Sculpher, Mark J., Claxton, Karl, Stoddart, Greg L., and Torrance, George W.. 2015. Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes. (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Pradhan, Elina and Jamison, Dean T.. 2019. “Standardized Sensitivity Analysis in BCA: An Education Case Study.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2019.5.
Radin, Mark, Jeuland, Marc, Wang, Hua, and Whittington, Dale. 2019. “Benefit-Cost Analysis of Community-Led Total Sanitation: Incorporating Results from Recent Evaluations.” Guidelines for Benefit-Cost Analysis Project, Working Paper No. 13. https://cdn2.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/94/2017/01/Radin-Jeuland-Whittington-CLTS-2019.01.07.pdf.
Robinson, Lisa A. and Hammitt, James K.. 2018. “Valuing Nonfatal Health Risk Reductions in Global Benefit-Cost Analysis.” Guidelines for Benefit-Cost Analysis Project, Working Paper No. 2. https://cdn2.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/94/2017/01/Robinson-Hammitt-Nonfatal-Risks.2018.03.121.pdf.
Robinson, Lisa A., Hammitt, James K., and Adler, Matthew. 2018. “Assessing the Distribution of Impacts in Global Benefit-Cost Analysis.” Guidelines for Benefit-Cost Analysis Project, Working Paper No. 3. https://cdn2.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/94/2017/01/Robinson-Hammitt-Adler-Distribution-2018.03.07.pdf.
Robinson, Lisa A., Hammitt, James K., and O’Keeffe, Lucy. 2019. “Valuing Mortality Risk Reductions in Global Benefit-Cost Analysis.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2018.26.
Skinner, Jonathan, Chalkidou, Kalipso, and Jamison, Dean T.. 2019. “Valuing Protection against Health-Related Financial Risks.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2018.30.
Strzepek, Kenneth, Amanya, Collins, and Neumann, James E.. 2018. “Assessing the Economy-wide Effects of Health & Environmental Interventions in Support of Benefit-Cost Analysis.” Guidelines for Benefit-Cost Analysis Project, Working Paper No. 4. https://cdn2.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/94/2017/01/Strzepek-et-al.-Economy-Wide-Modeling-2018.04.09.pdf.
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Whittington, Dale and Cook, Joseph. 2019. “Valuing Changes in Time Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2018.21.
Wilkinson, Thomas, Bozzani, Fiammetta, Vassall, Anna, Remme, Michelle, and Sinanovic, Edina. 2019. “Comparing the Application of CEA and BCA to Tuberculosis Control Interventions in South Africa.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2019.2.
Wilkinson, Thomas, Sculpher, Mark J., Claxton, Karl, Revill, Paul, Briggs, Andrew, Cairns, John A., Teerawattananon, Yot, Asfaw, Elias, Lopert, Ruth, Culyer, Anthony J., and Walker, Damian G.. 2016. “The International Decision Support Initiative Reference Case for Economic Evaluation: An Aid to Thought.” Value in Health, 19(8): 921928. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1098301516304405.
Wong, Brad and Radin, Mark. 2019. “Benefit-Cost Analysis of a Package of Early Childhood Interventions to Improve Nutrition in Haiti.” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 10(S1): https://doi.org/10.1017/bca.2019.1.
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Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis
  • ISSN: 2194-5888
  • EISSN: 2152-2812
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-benefit-cost-analysis
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