Refunding Emissions Taxes

Bontems, Philippe (2019) Refunding Emissions Taxes: the case for a three-part policy. B. E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy (Advances). (In Press)

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/33263

Abstract

This paper examines theoretically whether by combining both output based refunding and abatement expenditures based refunding it is possible to limit the negative consequences that a pollution tax imply for a polluting industry. We show that this is indeed the case by using a three-part policy where emissions are subject to a fee and where output and abatement expenditures are subsidized. When the industry is homogenous, it is possible to replicate the standard emission tax outcome by inducing a polluting firm to choose the production and emission levels obtained under any emission tax, without departing from budget balance. By construction, any polluter earns strictly more than under the standard tax alone without rebate, making this proposal more acceptable to the industry. When firms are heterogenous, the refunding policy needed to replicate the standard emission tax outcome is personalized in the sense that at least the output subsidy should be type dependent and it is strictly prefered only from the industry's point of view to a standard environmental tax. We also explore the implications of uniform three-part refunding policies for a heterogenous industry.

Item Type: Article
Sub-title: the case for a three-part policy
Language: English
Date: 2019
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: refunded emission taxes, regulation design, pollution
JEL codes: H23 - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
Q52 - Pollution Control Adoption Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
Q58 - Government Policy
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2019 14:40
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2019 14:40
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:33263
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/30829

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