Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies

Barigozzi, Francesca, Cremer, Helmuth and Roeder, Kerstin (2018) Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies. Journal of Public Economics, 168. pp. 162-173.

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/33066

Abstract

Our model explains the observed gender-specific patterns of career and child care choices through endogenous social norms. We study how these norms interact with the gender wage gap. We show that via the social norm a couple's child care and career choices impose an externality on other couples, so that the laissez-faire is inefficient. We use our model to study the design and effectiveness of three commonly used policies. We find that child care subsidies and women quotas can be effective tools to mitigate or eliminate the externality. Parental leave, however, may even intensify the externality and decrease welfare.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: December 2018
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social norms, child care, women's career choices, child care subsidies, women quotas, parental leave
JEL codes: D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
H23 - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2018 12:38
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 09:12
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:33066
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/26405

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