Insiders, Outsiders, and Involuntary Unemployment

Chen, Daniel L. and Sethi, Jasmin (2016) Insiders, Outsiders, and Involuntary Unemployment: Sexual Harrassment Exacerbates Gender Inequality. IAST working paper, n. 16-44, Toulouse

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Abstract

Sexual harassment is perceived to be a major impediment to female labor force participation. We use the random assignment of U.S. federal judges setting geographically-local precedent, and the fact that judges’ biographies predict decisions in sexual harassment cases, to document the causal impact of forbidding sexual harassment. Consistent with an insider-outsider theory of involuntary unemployment, but in contrast to a mandated benefits theory of employment protections, pro-plaintiff sexual harassment precedent spurred the adoption of sexual harassment human resources policies, encouraged entry of outsiders, and reduced gender inequality in labor supply and wages among the population. These effects were comparable to the effects of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act and greatest in the construction industry, which was heavily affected by sexual harassment litigation.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Sub-title: Sexual Harrassment Exacerbates Gender Inequality
Language: English
Date: August 2016
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gender discrimination, microaggression, trauma, safe spaces, prejudice
JEL codes: J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill, Training, Occupation, etc.
J71 - Discrimination
J81 - Working Conditions
J83 - Workers' Rights
K31 - Labor Law
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 15:34
Last Modified: 30 May 2018 06:44
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:30833
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/23533

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