Does Industrialization Affect Segregation? Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Cairo

Lévêque, Christophe and Saleh, Mohamed (2016) Does Industrialization Affect Segregation? Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Cairo. TSE Working Paper, n. 17-758, Toulouse

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We investigate the impact of state industrialization on residential segregation between Muslims and non-Muslims in nineteenth-century Cairo using individual-level census samples from 1848 and1868. We measure local segregation by a simple inter-group isolation index, where Muslims' (non-Muslims') isolation is measured by the share of Muslim (non-Muslim) households in the local environment of each location. We find that relative to locations that did not witness changes in industrialization, the opening of Cairo railway station in 1856 differentially increased Muslims' isolation from non-Muslims (conversely, decreased non-Muslims' isolation) in its proximity and that the closures of textiles firms in 1848-1868 differentially decreased it. The results are arguably driven by a labor market mechanism, whereby state rms crowded in unskilled jobs that attracted greater net inows of rural immigrants and unskilled workers who were predominantly Muslims.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: November 2016
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: local segregation, industrialization, Middle East, railways, slums
JEL Classification: N35 - Asia including Middle East
R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2017 08:41
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2018 14:31
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