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Creators, Multipliers, and Lurkers : Who contributes and who benefits at online review sites

Munzel, Andréas and H. Kunz, Werner (2014) Creators, Multipliers, and Lurkers : Who contributes and who benefits at online review sites. Journal of Service Management, 25 (1). pp. 49-74.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JOSM-04-2013-0115

Abstract

Purpose - As the Internet has become an increasingly relevant communication and exchange platform, social interactions exist in multiple forms. Our research integrates a multitude of those interactions to understand who contributes and why different types of contributors generate and leverage social capital on online review sites.

Design/methodology/approach - Based on the literature about social capital, social exchange theory, and transformative consumer research, we carried out a study of 693 contributors on a hotel review site. Content analysis and a latent profile analysis were used to research the contribution types and the underlying motives for generating and leveraging social capital.

Findings - Through the integration of various customer-to-customer interactions, our results reveal a three-class structure of contributors on review sites. These three groups of individuals show distinct patterns in their preferred interaction activities and the underlying motives.

Research limitations/implications - We develop the existing literature on transmission of electronic word-of-mouth messages and typologies of contributors. Future research should seek to expand the findings to additional industry and platform contexts and to support our findings through the inclusion of behavioral data.

Originality/value - The research contributes to researchers and marketers in the field by empirically investigating who and why individuals engage in online social interactions. We expand upon the existing literature by highlighting the importance of social debt in anonymous online environments and by assessing a three-class structure of online contributors.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Date: 2014
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social capital, Motives, Social exchange theory, Electronic word-of-mouth, Latent profile analysis
Subjects: C- GESTION > C1- Généralités
Divisions: TSM Research (Toulouse)
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2019 10:28
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 10:28
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/16786

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