The Brasília Experiment: Road Access and the Spatial Pattern of Long-term Local Development in Brazil

Bird, Julia and Straub, Stéphane (2014) The Brasília Experiment: Road Access and the Spatial Pattern of Long-term Local Development in Brazil. TSE Working Paper, n. 14-495, Toulouse

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Official URL: http://tse-fr.eu/pub/28242

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of the rapid expansion of the Brazilian road network, which occurred from the 1960s to the 2000s, on the growth and spatial allocation of population and economic activity across the country's municipalities. It addresses the problem of endogeneity in infrastructure location by using an original empirical strategy, based on the "historical natural experiment" constituted by the creation of the new federal capital city Brasília in 1960. The results reveal a dual pattern, with improved transport connections increasing concentration of economic activity and population around the main centers in the South of the country, while spurring the emergence of secondary economic centers in the less developed North, in line with predictions in terms of agglomeration economies. Over the period, roads are shown to account for half of pcGDP growth and to spur a signifficant decrease in spatial inequality.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Language: English
Date: May 2014
Place of Publication: Toulouse
Uncontrolled Keywords: Transport costs, Infrastructure, Roads, Brazil
JEL codes: F15 - Economic Integration
N76 - Latin America; Caribbean
O18 - Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses
R11 - Regional Economic Activity - Growth, Development, and Changes
R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade
R40 - General
Subjects: B- ECONOMIE ET FINANCE
Divisions: TSE-R (Toulouse)
Institution: Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Site: UT1
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 17:45
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2018 15:23
OAI ID: oai:tse-fr.eu:28242
URI: http://publications.ut-capitole.fr/id/eprint/15936

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